List of Abbreviations and Acronyms related to Climate Research

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A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z


also known as
ABL Atmospheric Boundary Layer
ACPC Aerosols, Clouds, Precipitation and Climate Initiative (iLEAPS/GEWEX/IGAC)
AGPI Adjusted GOES Precipitation Index
AGU American Geophysical Union
AMMA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis Project
AMS American Meteorological Society
AMSR Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer
AMSR-E EOS Advanced Scanning Microwave Radiometer
AMSU-A(B) Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit A(B)
AMY Asian Monsoon Years
AOGS Asia Oceania Geosciences Society
APN Asia Pacific Network
AR4 IPCC Assessment Report 4, due in 2012
AR5 IPCC Assessment Report 5, due in 2013
ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer
AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer


BACC BALTEX Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin
BALTEX Baltic Sea Experiment
BSRN Baseline Surface Radiation Network
BSSSC Baltic Sea States Subregional Co-operation


CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation
CAMS Climate Anomaly Monitoring System
CAS Chinese Academy of Sciences
CAS (WMO) WMO Commission for Atmospheric Sciences
CEOP Coordinated Energy and Water Cycle Observations Project (previously Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period)
CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
CFS Climate Forecast System
CGMS Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites
CIEHLYC Community for spatial and hydrological information in Latin America and the Caribbean
CLiC Climate and Cryosphere Project (WCRP Core Project)
CLIVAR Climate Variability and Predictability Project (WCRP Core Project)
CMAP CPC Merged Analysis of Precipitation
CMIP Climate Model Intercomparison Project
CMORPH CPC Morphing technique
CONAE Comision Nacional De Actividades Espaciales (Argeninean National Space Agency)
CORDEX Coordinated Regional climate Downscaling EXperiment
CPC NWS Climate Prediction Center
CPPA Climate Prediction Program for the Americas
CPTEC Weather Forecast and Climate Studies Centre (of INPE, Brazil)
CRU Climate Research Unit
CSE Continental Scale Experiment
CST Convective Stratiform Technique


DAAC Distributed Active Archive Centers
DFR Dual Frequency Radar
DIAS Dynamic Information Architecture System
DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
DMWG Data Management Working Group
DOC Department of Commerce, USA
DOD Department of Defense, USA
DPR Dual Frequency Precipitation Radar
DRI Drought Research Initiative
DWD Deutscher Wetterdienst


ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
ECR Early Career Researcher
ECS Early Career Scientist
EDR Environmental Data Record
ENSO EL Niño - Southern Oscillation
EOF Empirical Orthogonal Function
EOS NASA Earth Observing System
ERA-I ECMWF Interim Reanalysis
ESA European Space Agency
ESF European Science Foundation
ESP Ensemble Streamflow Prediction
ESSP Earth System Science Partnership
EUMETSAT European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
Ev-K2-CNR Everest-K2 National Research Council


FAME Framework for Atmospheric Model Enhancement
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
FNMOC Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center


GAW Global Atmosphere Watch
GABLS GEWEX Atmospheric Boundary Layer Study
GACP Global Aerosol Climatology Project
GASS Global Atmospheric System Studies
GCIP GEWEX Continental Scale International Project
GCOS Global Climate Observing System
GCPC Global Precipitation Climatology Project
GCSS GEWEX Cloud System Study
GEO Group on Earth Observations
GEOSS Global Earth Observing System of Systems
GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (WCRP Core Project)
GFCS Global Framework fo Climate Service
GFS Global Forecast System
GHCN Global Historical Climate Network
GHP Gewex Hydrological Panel (previously GEWEX Hydroclimatology Panel)
GHz Giga Hertz
GLACE Global Land Atmospheric Coupling Experiment
GLASS Global Land Atmosphere System Study
GLDAS Global Land Data Assimilation System
GMI GPM Microwave Imager
GMPP GEWEX Modeling and Prediction Panel
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite
GPCC Global Precipitation Climatology Centre
GPCP Global precipitation Climatology Project
GPI GOES Precipitation Index
GPM Global Precipitation Mission
GPROF Goddard Profiling Algorithm
GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment
GRP GEWEX Radiation Panel
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center
GSWP3 Global Soil Wetness Project 3
GTS Global Telecommunications System
GWSP Global Water System Project (ESSP Joint Project)


HAP Hydrological Application Project
HE High Elevation Working Group
HELCOM Helsinki Commission – Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission
HEPEX Hydrological Ensemble Prediction Experiment
HIRS High resolution Infrared Sounder
HKKH Hindu Kush-Karakoram-Himalaya region
HyMeX HYdrological cycle in the Mediterranean Experiment


IAHS International Association of Hydrological Sciences
IAI Inter Americas Institute
ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions
ICTP International Centre for Theoretical Physics
IFFA Interactive Flash Flood Analyzer
IGAC International Global Atmospheric Chemistry
IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme
IGFA International Group of Funding Agencies
IGOS-P Integrated Global Observing Strategy – Partnership
IGPO International GEWEX Project Office
IGWCO Integrated Global Water Cycle Observations Community of Practice
IHDP International Human Dimension Programme on Global Environmental Change
IHP International Hydrology Programme
IJPS Initial Joint Polar-Orbiting Operational Satellite System
ILAMB International Land Model Benchmarking
iLEAPS Integrated Land Ecosystem-Atmospheric Processes Study
INARCH The international Network for Alpine Research Catchment Hydrology
INPE Brazilian Institute for Space Research
IOC International Oceanographic Commission
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPO tri-agency Integrated Program Office of DoC, DoD, and NASA
IPWG International Precipitation Working Group
IR Infrared
IRDR Integrated Research on Disaster Risk
IRDR Integrated Research on Disaster Risk
IRI International Research Institute
ISC International Science Council
ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project
ISMWG International Soil Moisture Working Group
ITCZ Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone
IWP Ice Water Path


JAMSTEC Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
JAXA Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency
JMA Japan Meteorological Agency
JPS Joint Planning Staff (for WCRP)
JRA-25 Japanese Meteorological Agency 25 year reanalysis
JSC WMO/ICSU/IOC Joint Scientific Committee (for WCRP)




LBA Large-scale Biosphere Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia
LEO Low Earth Orbit (also, a satellite in LEO)
LIS Lightning Imaging Sensor
LMWG Land Model Working Group
LOCO LOcal COupled Modelling Working Group in GLASS
LPB La Plata Basin


MAC Multi-model Analysis for CEOP
MAGS Mackenzie GEWEX Study
MAHASRI Monsoon Asian Hydro-Atmospheric Science Research and prediction Initiative
MDB Murray Darling Basin
MERRA Modern Era Retrospective-Analysis for Research and Applications
METEOSAT EUMETSAT geostationary platform
MIP Model intercomparison Project
MJO Madden-Julian Oscillation
MM5 NCAR/PSU Mesoscale Model Version 5
MODIS EOS MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
MS Multi-Satellite
MSG Microgravity Science Glovebox
MTSAT Multi-functional Transport Satellite
MVIRI Meteosat Visible and InfraRed Imager


NAME North American Monsoon Experiment
NAS National Academy of Sciences
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA
NAWP North American Water Program
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA
NCDC National Climatic Data Center, USA
NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction, USA
NEESPI Northern Eurasian Earth Science Partnership Initiative
NESDIS National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service, USA
NGO Non Governmental Organization
NHMS National Hydro-Meteorological Service
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (agency and satellite), USA
NOAA KLM NOAA-15 (K), -16(L) and -17 (M) satellites
NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Environmental Satellite System, USA
NRC National Research Counsel
NWP Numerical Weather Prediction
NWS National Weather Service, USA


OLR Outgoing Longwave Radiation
OPI Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR) Precipitation Index
ORA NOAA Office of Research and Applications
OSC Open Science Conference


PBL Planetary Boundary Layer
PDF Probability Density Function
PEHRPP Pilot Evaluation of High Resolution Precipitation Products
PERSIANN Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks
PILDAS Project for the Intercomparison of Land Data Assimilation Systems
PMW Passive Microwave
PR TRMM Precipitation Radar
PSPDC Polar Satellite Precipitation Data Center
PSU Pennsylvania State University



RHP Regional Hydroclimate Project


SAC Science Advisory Committee
SAF Satellite Application Facility
SAG Scientific Advisory Group
SATREPS Science And Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable development
SCOPE-CM Sustained, Co-Ordinated Processing of Environmental Satellite Data for Climate Monitoring
SEVIRI Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager
SG Satellite Gauge
SMAP Soil Moisture Active Passive
SMOS Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity
SPARC Stratospheric Processes And their Role in Climate (WCRP Core Project)
SRB Saskatchewan River Basin
SRS Southern Research Station
SSC Science Steering Committee
SSG Scientific Steering Group
SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager
SSM/IS Special Sensor Microwave/Imager Sounder
SST Sea Surface Temperature
SSU Stratospheric Sounding Unit
START SysTem for Analysis, Research and Training
STC Science and Technology Corporation


Tb Brightness temperature
THORPEX The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment
TIROS Television Infrared Observation Satellite
TMI TRMM Microwave Imager
TOVS Television-Infrared Observation Satellite (TIROS) Operational Vertical Sounder
TRACE Terrestrial Regional North American hydroClimate Experiment
TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission


UIC User Interface Committee (Group on Earth Observations)
UN United Nations
UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme
UNESCO United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
USAID U.S. Agency for International Development


VAR Variable Rain rate precipitation algorithm
VIRS TRMM Visible and InfraRed Scanner
VIS Visible
VISSR Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer


WACMOS Water Cycle Multimission Observation Strategy (ESA Programme)
WATCH EU Integrated Project on Water and Global Change
WCRP World Climate Research Programme
WDAC WCRP Data Advisory Council
WG Working Group
WGCM Working Group on Coupled Modeling
WGNE The Working Group on Numerical Experimentation (WGNE)
WGSIP Working Group on Seasonal to Interannual Prediction
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WOAP WCRP Observation and Assimilation Panel
WWRP World Weather Research Program



YESS Young Earth Systems Society
YHS Young Hydrologic Society
YOTC Year Of Tropical Convection