Difference between revisions of "List of Abbreviations and Acronyms related to Climate Research"

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'''List of Abbreviations and Acronyms'''
 
'''List of Abbreviations and Acronyms'''
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{|
 
='''A'''=
 
='''A'''=
 
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| A.K.A. || also known as
* A.K.A. : also known as
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|-
* ABL : Atmospheric Boundary Layer
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| ABL || Atmospheric Boundary Layer
* ACPC : Aerosols, Clouds, Precipitation and Climate Initiative (iLEAPS/GEWEX/IGAC)
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|-
* AGPI : Adjusted GOES Precipitation Index
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| ACPC || Aerosols, Clouds, Precipitation and Climate Initiative (iLEAPS/GEWEX/IGAC)
* AGU : American Geophysical Union
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|-
* AMMA : African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis Project
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| AGPI || Adjusted GOES Precipitation Index
* AMS : American Meteorological Society
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|-
* AMSR : Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer  
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| AGU || American Geophysical Union
* AMSR-E : EOS Advanced Scanning Microwave Radiometer
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* AMSU-A(B) : Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit A(B)
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| AMMA || African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis Project
* AMY : Asian Monsoon Years
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|-
* AOGS : Asia Oceania Geosciences Society
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| AMS || American Meteorological Society
* APN : Asian Pacific Network
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* AR4 : IPCC Assessment Report 4, due in 2012
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| AMSR || Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer  
* AR5 : IPCC Assessment Report 5, due in 2013
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|-
* ASTER : Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer
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| AMSR-E || EOS Advanced Scanning Microwave Radiometer
* AVHRR : Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
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|}
 
 
='''B'''=
 
{{div col|colwidth=25em}}
 
* BACC : BALTEX Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin
 
* BALTEX : Baltic Sea Experiment
 
* BSRN : Baseline Surface Radiation Network
 
* BSSSC : Baltic Sea States Subregional Co-operation
 
 
 
='''C'''=
 
{{div col|colwidth=25em}}
 
* CALIPSO : Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation.
 
* CAMS : Climate Analysis and Monitoring System
 
* CAS : Chinese Acadamy of Sciences
 
* CAS (WMO) : WMO Commission for Atmospheric Sciences
 
* CEOP : Coordinated Energy and Water Cycle Observations Project (previously Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period)
 
* CEOS : Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
 
* CFS : Climate Forecast System 
 
* CFSR : NCEP-NOAA CFS Reanalysis
 
* CGMS : Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites
 
* CIEHLYC : Community for spatial and hydrological information in Latin America and the Caribbean
 
* CLiC : Climate and Cryosphere Project  (WCRP Core Project)
 
* CLIVAR : Climate Variability and Predictability Project (WCRP Core Project)
 
* CMAP : CPC Merged Analysis of Precipitation
 
* CMIP : Climate Model Intercomparison Project
 
* CMORPH : CPC Morphing technique
 
* CONAE : Comision Nacional De Actividades Espaciales (Argeninean National Space Agency)
 
* CORDEX : Coordinated Regional climate Downscaling EXperiment
 
* CPC : NWS Climate Prediction Center
 
* CPPA : Climate Prediction Program for the Americas
 
* CPTEC : Weather Forecast and Climate Studies Centre (of INPE, Brazil)
 
* CRU : Climate Research Unit
 
* CSE : Continental Scale Experiment
 
* CST : Convective Stratiform Technique
 
 
 
='''D'''=
 
{{div col|colwidth=25em}}
 
* DAAC : Distributed Active Archive Centers
 
* DFR : Dual Frequency Radar
 
* DIAS : Dynamic Information Architecture System
 
* DMSP : Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
 
* DMWG : Data Management Working Group
 
* DOC : Department of Commerce, USA
 
* DOD : Department of Defense, USA
 
* DPR : Dual Frequency Precipitation Radar
 
* DRI : Drought Research Initiative
 
* DWD : Deutscher Wetterdienst
 
 
 
='''E'''=
 
{{div col|colwidth=25em}}
 
* ECMWF : European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
 
* ECR : Early Career Researcher
 
* ECS : Early Career Scientist
 
* EDR : Environmental Data Record
 
* ENSO : EL Niño - Southern Oscillation
 
* EOF : Empirical Orthogonal Function
 
* EOS : NASA Earth Observing System
 
* EPS : EUMETSAT Polar System
 
* ERA-I : ECMWF Interim Reanalysis
 
* ESA : European Space Agency
 
* ESF : European Science Foundation
 
* ESP : Ensemble Streamflow Prediction
 
* ESSP : Earth System Science Partnership
 
* EUMETSAT : European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
 
* Ev-K2-CNR : Everest-K2 National Research Council
 
 
 
='''F'''=
 
{{div col|colwidth=25em}}
 
* FAME : Framework for Atmospheric Model Enhancement
 
* FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
 
* FNMOC : Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center
 
* GABLS : GEWEX Atmospheric Boundary Layer Study
 
* GACP : Global Aerosol Climatology Project
 
* GCIP : GEWEX Continental Scale International Project
 
* GCOS : Global Climate Observing System
 
* GCPC : Global Precipitation Climatology Project
 
* GCSS : GEWEX Cloud System Study
 
* GEO : Group on Earth Observations
 
* GEOSS : Global Earth Observing System of Systems
 
* GEWEX : Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (WCRP Core Project)
 
* GFS : Global Forecast System
 
* GHCN : Global Historical Climate Network
 
* GHP : Gewex Hydrological Panel (previously GEWEX Hydroclimatology Panel)
 
* GHz : Giga Hertz
 
* GLACE : Global Land Atmospheric Coupling Experiment
 
* GLASS : Global Land Atmosphere System Study
 
* GLDAS : Global Land Data Assimilation System
 
* GMI : GPM Microwave Imager
 
* GMPP : GEWEX Modeling and Prediction Panel
 
* GOES : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite
 
* GPCC : Global Precipitation Climatology Centre
 
* GPCP : Global precipitation Climatology Project
 
* GPI : GOES Precipitation Index
 
* GPM : Global Precipitation Mission
 
* GPROF : Goddard Profiling Algorithm
 
* GRACE : Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment
 
* GRP : GEWEX Radiation Panel
 
* GSFC : Goddard Space Flight Center
 
* GSWP3 : Global Soil Wetness Project 3
 
* GTS : Global Telecommunications System
 
* GWSP : Global Water System Project (ESSP Joint Project)
 
* HAP : Hydrological Application Project
 
* HE : High Elevation Working Group
 
* HELCOM : Helsinki Commission – Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission
 
* HEPEX : Hydrological Ensemble Prediction Experiment
 
* HIRS : High resolution Infrared Sounder
 
* HKKH : Hindu Kush-Karakoram-Himalaya region
 
* HyMeX : HYdrological cycle in the Mediterranean Experiment
 
* IAHS : International Association of Hydrological Sciences
 
* IAI : Inter Americas Institute
 
* ICSU : International Council of Scientific Unions
 
* IFFA : Interactive Flash Flood Analyzer
 
* IGAC : International Global Atmospheric Chemistry
 
* IGBP : International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme
 
* IGFA : International Group of Funding Agencies
 
* IGOS-P : Integrated Global Observing Strategy – Partnership
 
* IGPO : International GEWEX Project Office
 
* IGWCO : Integrated Global Water Cycle Observations Community of Practice
 
* IHDP : International Human Dimension Programme on Global Environmental Change
 
* IHP : International Hydrology Programme
 
* IJPS : Initial Joint Polar-Orbiting Operational Satellite System
 
* ILAMB : International Land Model Benchmarking
 
* iLEAPS : Integrated Land Ecosystem-Atmospheric Processes Study
 
* INARCH : The international Network for Alpine Research Catchment Hydrology
 
* INPE : Brazilian Institute for Space Research
 
* IOC : International Oceanographic Commission
 
* IPCC : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
 
* IPCC : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
 
* IPO : tri-agency Integrated Program Office of DoC, DoD, and NASA
 
* IPWG : International Precipitation Working Group
 
* IR : Infrared
 
* IRDR : Integrated Research on Disaster Risk
 
* IRI : International Research Institute
 
* ISCCP : International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project
 
* ISMWG : International Soil Moisture Working Group
 
* ITCZ : Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone
 
* IWP : Ice Water Path
 
* JAMSTEC : Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
 
* JAXA : Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency
 
* JMA : Japan Meteorological Agency
 
* JPS : Joint Planning Staff (for WCRP)
 
* JRA-25 : Japanese Meteorological Agency 25 year reanalysis
 
* JSC : WMO/ICSU/IOC Joint Scientific Committee (for WCRP)
 
* KLM : see NOAA KLM
 
* LBA : Large-scale Biosphere Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia
 
* LEO : Low Earth Orbit (also, a satellite in LEO)
 
* LIS : Lightning Imaging Sensor
 
* LMWG : Land Model Working Group
 
* LOCO : LOcal COupled Modelling Working Group in GLASS
 
* LPB : La Plata Basin
 
* MAC : Multi-model Analysis for CEOP
 
* MAGS : Mackenzie GEWEX Study
 
* MAHASRI : Monsoon Asian Hydro-Atmospheric Science Research and prediction Initiative
 
* MDB : Murray Darling Basin
 
* MERRA : Modern Era Retrospective-Analysis for Research and Applications
 
* METEOSAT : EUMETSAT geostationary platform
 
* MIP : Model intercomparison Project
 
* MJO : Madden-Julian Oscillation
 
* MM5 : NCAR/PSU Mesoscale Model Version 5
 
* MODIS : EOS MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
 
* MS : Multi-Satellite
 
* MSG : Microgravity Science Glovebox
 
* MTSAT : Multi-functional Transport Satellite
 
* MVIRI : Meteosat Visible and InfraRed Imager
 
* NAME : North American Monsoon Experiment
 
* NAS : National Academy of Sciences
 
* NASA : National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA
 
* NAWP : North American Water Program
 
* NCAR : National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA
 
* NCDC : National Climatic Data Center, USA
 
* NCEP : National Centers for Environmental Prediction, USA
 
* NEESPI : Northern Eurasian Earth Science Partnership Initiative
 
* NESDIS : National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service, USA
 
* NGO : Non Governmental Organization
 
* NHMS : National Hydro-Meteorological Service
 
* NOAA : National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (agency and  satellite), USA
 
* NOAA KLM : NOAA-15 (K), -16(L) and -17 (M) satellites
 
* NPOESS : National Polar-orbiting Environmental Satellite System, USA
 
* NRC : National Research Counsel
 
* NWP : Numerical Weather Prediction
 
* NWS : National Weather Service, USA
 
* OLR : Outgoing Longwave Radiation
 
* OPI : Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR) Precipitation Index
 
* ORA : NOAA Office of Research and Applications
 
* OSC : Open Science Conference
 
* PBL : Planetary Boundary Layer
 
* PDF : Probability Density Function
 
* PEHRPP : Pilot Evaluation of High Resolution Precipitation Products
 
* PERSIANN : Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks
 
* PILDAS : Project for the Intercomparison of Land Data Assimilation Systems
 
* PMW : Passive Microwave
 
* PR : TRMM Precipitation Radar
 
* PSPDC : Polar Satellite Precipitation Data Center
 
* PSU : Pennsylvania State University
 
* RHP : Regional Hydroclimate Project
 
* SAC : Science Advisory Committee
 
* SAF : Satellite Application Facility
 
* SAG : Scientific Advisory Group
 
* SATREPS : Science And Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable development
 
* SCOPE-CM : Sustained, Co-Ordinated Processing of Environmental Satellite Data for Climate Monitoring
 
* SEVIRI : Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager
 
* SG : Satellite Gauge
 
* SMAP : Soil Moisture Active Passive
 
* SMOS : Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity
 
* SPARC : Stratospheric Processes And their Role in Climate (WCRP Core Project)
 
* SRB : Saskatchewan River Basin
 
* SRS : Southern Research Station
 
* SSC : Science Steering Committee
 
* SSG : Scientific Steering Group
 
* SSM/I : Special Sensor Microwave/Imager
 
* SSM/IS : Special Sensor Microwave/Imager Sounder
 
* SST : Sea Surface Temperature
 
* SSU : Stratospheric Sounding Unit
 
* START : SysTem for Analysis, Research and Training
 
* STC : Science and Technology Corporation
 
* Tb : Brightness temperature
 
* THORPEX : The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment
 
* TIROS : Television Infrared Observation Satellite
 
* TMI : TRMM Microwave Imager
 
* TOVS : Television-Infrared Observation Satellite (TIROS) Operational Vertical Sounder
 
* TRACE : Terrestrial Regional North American hydroClimate Experiment
 
* TRMM : Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
 
* UIC : User Interface Committee (Group on Earth Observations)
 
* UN : United Nations
 
* UNEP : United Nations Environmental Programme
 
* UNESCO : United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization
 
* USAID : U.S. Agency for International Development
 
* VAR : Variable Rain rate precipitation algorithm
 
* VIRS : TRMM Visible and InfraRed Scanner
 
* VIS : Visible
 
* VISSR : Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer
 
* WACMOS : Water Cycle Multimission Observation Strategy (ESA Programme)
 
* WATCH : EU Integrated Project on Water and Global Change
 
* WCRP : World Climate Research Programme
 
* WDAC : WCRP Data Advisory Council
 
* WG : Working Group
 
* WGCM : Working Group on Coupled Modeling
 
* WGNE : The Working Group on Numerical Experimentation (WGNE), jointly established by the WCRP Joint Scientific Committee (JSC) and the WMO Commission for Atmospheric Sciences (CAS), which is responsible for WWRP and GAW
 
* WGSIP : Working Group on Seasonal to Interannual Prediction
 
* WMO : World Meteorological Organization
 
* WOAP : WCRP Observation and Assimilation Panel
 
* WWRP : World Weather Research Programm
 
* YESS : Young Earth Systems Society
 
* YHS : Young Hydrologic Society
 
* YOTC : Year Of Tropical Convection
 

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List of Abbreviations and Acronyms

A

A.K.A. also known as
ABL Atmospheric Boundary Layer
ACPC Aerosols, Clouds, Precipitation and Climate Initiative (iLEAPS/GEWEX/IGAC)
AGPI Adjusted GOES Precipitation Index
AGU American Geophysical Union
AMMA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis Project
AMS American Meteorological Society
AMSR Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer
AMSR-E EOS Advanced Scanning Microwave Radiometer